In the event of a fire, first inform the appropriate services and start firefighting. By using handheld firefighting equipment that is located on the premises, i.e. internal hydrants or fire extinguishers, we are able to minimize the risk. However, to start extinguishing a fire, remember to use a fire extinguisher that is appropriately marked on the label.

Fire protection and fire extinguishers.

ANDTo group AND we include burning solids of organic origin, combustion of which causes an incandescence, for example wood or paper. To properly extinguish the fire, we use an extinguishing agent such as carbon dioxide (snow extinguisher), extinguishing powder, foam or water.
BIn the case of combustion of flammable liquids or solid substances melting due to heat (solvents, melting plastics, floor polishes), we use fire extinguishers from the B by choosing an extinguishing agent such as halon, carbon dioxide, dry powder or foam.
C.When there is a fire and there is a combustible gas nearby (acetylene, natural gas, propane-butane), use the following extinguishing agents from the group C.: carbon dioxide, dry powder and halon.
DWe extinguish combustible metals (uranium, magnesium, sodium) with the use of a powder extinguisher from the group D.
E.Fire extinguisher from the group E. in the past they were used to extinguish fires caused by or in the presence of energized equipment. Now the symbol is not used, because the inscription on the label of the extinguisher informs us about it.
F.Oils and fats in kitchen appliances should be extinguished with fire extinguishers from the group F. for example by means of a vertical, powder or snow extinguisher marked with F.

 

Handheld firefighting equipment includes the aforementioned fire extinguishers weighing up to 20 kg and an extinguishing agent weighing up to 12 kg and fire blankets. Properly carried out extinguishing action itself depends, inter alia, on the selection of an appropriate extinguishing agent. However, in order to proceed safely, it is necessary to recognize the type of fire being extinguished and to have a minimum knowledge of the action of the extinguishing agent.

Internal hydrant is a water supply valve installed on a special network, enclosed in a cabinet and equipped with nozzles and a fire hose. Its diameter is 25 or 50 mm. It is used to nip a fire in the bud, and water is used as an extinguishing agent. Two people should be involved in operating the hydrant. One doses the amount of water through a hydrant, and the other uses nozzles. Water must not be used to extinguish the abovementioned live electrical appliances and within them, as well as substances which bind with water to form a flammable gas.

Water-vertical fire extinguisher is a cylindrical tank with a water-foam-forming substance. To use the equipment, break the safety seal and press the hammer, directing the foam stream towards the center of the fire, and remember that the extinguisher works only in a vertical position. If the fire extinguisher is stopped, the trigger of the nozzle should be released.

Powder fire extinguisher also with a cylindrical receiver, it is provided with a valve actuating lever or a hammer with propelling gas. To use it, break the seal and the locking pin and activate the lever or the hammer towards the fire. As in the case of the previous extinguisher, it works properly in the vertical position and if you want to stop its operation, you must release the actuating lever or the nozzle lever.

Snow fire extinguisher it is a cylindrical tank equipped with a hose and a valve ending with an outlet nozzle. Inside it is liquefied carbon dioxide. To stop the fire extinguisher from working, we close the valve. You should also remember that you must not use it to extinguish people and hold it only by the handle in a vertical position.

Fire blanket it is a sheet made of glass fiber, i.e. a completely non-flammable fabric with an area of about 2 m². Suppresses a bud fire by cutting off the flow of air to the infected object. To use it, remove it from the case and unfold it tightly covering the burning object. When using it on a person, it should first be knocked over and then covered with a blanket.

Training program

Responsibility in the field of fire protection of the facility or area is borne by the manager or the user under a civil law contract. The aim of the OHS training is to provide the employee with practical application in the field of firefighting equipment as well as knowledge on how to behave in the event of a fire.

The theoretical part includes:

  • help for the injured,
  • emergency procedures and evacuation,
  • operation of handheld firefighting equipment,
  • distribution of fire-fighting equipment in the facility,
  • fire and evacuation marking,
  • getting to know the fire instructions of the facility,
  • fire hazards.

The practical part includes:

  • evacuation exercises,
  • exercises in the use of internal hydrants as well as fire extinguishers.

Who can take part in the course?

Any adult person with minimum basic education may participate in the training.

Date and place of classes

The next class date is always published on our website. Classes are held stationary at our headquarters in Warsaw or branches throughout the country. We also organize individual trainings at the client's premises.

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