In order to ensure safety and efficient work at heights, facade scaffolding is installed most often at construction sites, blocks, houses, monuments, each building reaching beyond the available tools used by the construction team. It is a makeshift structure that we distinguish depending on the materials used for its construction and the functions it is to fulfill. Its main assumption is to facilitate work at height and to ensure the safety of the team working on its platforms (also its assembly includes safety platforms, preventing falling to the ground from a great height). That is why it is so important to properly assemble the scaffolding, meeting the requirements of both lifting capacity and work ergonomics. In the further part of the text, we will present the most common types of scaffolding and list the mistakes made when installing the scaffolding.

What mistakes should the fitter be careful about when erecting the structure?

First of all, we aim to provide others, and also ourselves, safety, so during the safe assembly of each subsequent floor, we should remember to install a railing in the circulation path, the correct sequence is: main railing, intermediate railing, curb board, and in both directions from him, completing any free space according to the above-described scheme of operation. At the end of the work, install the balustrade elements from the front of the scaffolding (from the side). If the distance is greater than 0.2 m to the place where facade works are carried out, we should attach a railing, also on the inside of the scaffolding, to ensure full safety of employees. We can use scaffolding frames for this, which are characterized by the fact that they are adapted to two-sided assembly of the railing. Bearing in mind that our safety depends on the correct installation of railings, let us analyze the most common mistakes regarding their installation. The factor exerting the greatest influence on their defective functionality is the use of incomplete protections, especially omitting the installation of the curb and intermediate railing, the lack of support from the side of the wall when the platform is moved away from it by a distance of more than 20 cm or to the side (from the front) of the scaffolding. When disassembling the scaffolding, remember about your own safety, which may result in a risk of falling from a height when unfolding the railing.

Frame scaffolding - these are the most common derivatives of facade scaffolding, why? Because their structure, consisting of supports, i.e. flat frame structures, allows for quick assembly of facade scaffolding, i.e. with a straight surface. They are located next to the building that requires work at height, to which they are connected by means of anchoring. They are used in general construction, and above all in cubature (construction of permanent objects of a large volume) - residential. A common type of them is the so-called Warsaw scaffolding, used for minor renovation and construction works of small facilities.

Modular scaffolding is a common solution during works requiring the use of this type of structure. As the name suggests, they consist of modules, i.e. introduced spaces between separate elements such as crossbars - they contain the space needed to fit other parts of the scaffolding. A separate element are also the stands, which are connected with other accessories such as transoms, platform transoms and bracings by means of specially profiled heads and wedge locks. Thanks to this, it is possible to assemble geometrically complex structures, so it's no wonder that they are widely used in industrial works, e.g. in power plants or shipyards. Also, the elements of the modular scaffolding can be used to make the facade scaffolding, however, it involves much more work and skills as opposed to the assembly of the frame structure, hence its low use in urban construction. The versatility of the functions fulfilled by this type of scaffolding and the general complexity and compatibility of its elements can be used in the organization of mass events (stages, stands), fairs, exhibitions, winter covers, etc.

The scaffolding itself consists of load-bearing poles and horizontal poles connected to each other, on which wooden platforms are usually placed (fastened). Usually, scaffoldings are assembled for specific works, after which they are dismantled, they are not movable and cannot reach the other side of the block (assuming that no fixed scaffolding has been installed on the other side), therefore mobile scaffolding should be distinguished. Designed for multiple use in the area of facade / construction works, we also call them mobile scaffolding. They are designed for horizontal displacement, and do not require disassembly into components. Their construction consists mainly of a system running tower built of the so-called ladder-frames, we can also meet them in the form of frame or modular scaffoldings equipped with additional elements enabling them to move along the walls, walls of the building, such as base beams, road wheels. They are most often used for short-term renovation and maintenance works, because they require frequent repositioning of the entire scaffolding structure.

What requirements should a fitter meet to take up the profession and perform the assembly and disassembly of scaffolding?

First of all, it should have what you need entitlements to practice, he should complete an 80-hour training in a center that meets the requirements of the Machine Operators Coordination Center. To obtain a document confirming obtaining the qualifications, you must pass an exam (obtain a positive result in both the theoretical and practical exam) conducted by a commission appointed by the Institute of Mechanization of Construction and Rock Mining in Warsaw (IMBiGS).

ODK ERGON provides courses and prepares candidates for exam approach in both theory and practice. We have been operating on the training market for over fifteen years, we have professional staff with extensive professional experience, and our branches are located throughout Poland. We guarantee thorough training that can be attended by a person without basic knowledge - we will teach you everything. Our requirements are only basic education, at least eighteen years of age and no contraindications to work in a given position. After completing the 80-hour course, you will receive a training completion certificate. The next, final stage is taking the exam, after which you will get an entry with the qualifications to the Book of the Machine Operator, i.e. the book of the scaffolding fitter, and will be able to start work. All the necessary information can be found on the website Kurs-udt.pl, where you can find the full range of our services and training. You're welcome.