photo of the evacuation of people from an enclosed space.Evacuating people from confined spaces should only be carried out by people with the appropriate training, experience and skills, as it involves a great deal of risk. That is why you are cordially invited to attend training courses on evacuating people from confined spaces. The course is intended for people who are responsible for ensuring safety when working in confined spaces, including rescue operations such as searching for victims, assisting with stretchers and installing extraction systems. The training is open to people who work in confined spaces and wish to improve their qualifications. To take part in the training, you must meet the following requirements: you must not have any medical contraindications to working in confined spaces and at heights above 3 metres, and you must have completed CS3 training. Please note that the training requires good physical shape; trainees undergo practical exercises in breathing apparatus. Willing participants who have a beard or wear glasses please contact us before the course starts. The training includes two theoretical parts, where participants gain knowledge of rescue and evacuation techniques from confined spaces, and a practical part, where trainees learn how to enter a confined space correctly using a breathing apparatus. During the course, participants gain practical knowledge of how to carry out operations with winches and other rescue systems, what actions to take in zero visibility and how to handle an emergency situation. During training, participants also become familiar with different types of search and rescue procedures, legal regulations, vertical and lateral access techniques to confined spaces. They learn how to assemble and use rescue winch systems and rescue stretchers and how to select the right gas detector. On completion of the course, participants receive a certificate and a badge, which is valid for three years.

Enclosed space

An enclosed space is a health and safety term referring to a space that is confined on all sides, whose entrances and exits are blocked or restricted and prevent the rapid movement of workers and the exchange of air. These include, for example, manholes, sewers, tanks, various industrial passages and tunnels, the interior of industrial plants, etc.

Confined spaces are not designed for long-term human occupancy. By descending, a worker may be exposed to hazards such as:

  • Pollution, dust, lack of oxygen - caused by rust, decomposition and accumulation of heavy gases;
  • Risk of explosion when working with flammable gas or steam;
  • Difficulty getting out - a fire, injury or ill health may prevent a worker from getting out on their own;
  • Risk of falling from height;
  • Danger of backfilling or flooding;
  • Awkward posture, tight conditions, risk of injury;
  • Uncomfortable temperatures - temperature fluctuations, increased humidity;
  • Communication difficulties - walls excessively reflect and amplify noise;
  • Darkness.

Rescue operations

In the event of an incident in an enclosed space, the priority is to ensure that the victim has access to air. The second task is to provide first aid in a way that does not cause more damage to health and life. Rescue operations must follow a pre-developed plan. It must be decided what action to take, taking into account the following conditions: available human resources, size of the space, ease or difficulty of access. When rescuing a person from a confined space, it is suggested to carry out rescue actions, which may vary according to the specific situation. The rescue squad leader remains outside and directs the actions at the scene. It is his responsibility to organise the persons entering to carry out the rescue operation and to control the timing of the entry and exit of persons wearing breathing apparatus from the confined space. When the team is ready, one rescuer with breathing apparatus and CPR equipment enters the confined space. He or she must be equipped with radio equipment to transmit information. A second rescuer with breathing apparatus enters and remains downstairs to retrieve additional equipment that will be needed for the operation. The third rescuer, also equipped with a breathing apparatus, enters the confined space and remains in place from where, if necessary, he can quickly rush to the aid of the first two rescuers or use ropes to evacuate the casualty. The fourth and fifth rescuers are outside ready to help if necessary. The other members of the team are responsible for providing additional equipment, such as a rescue rope, and assisting in the extraction of the casualty by means of a hoist. Two additional conditions should be kept in mind:

ConditionDescription
FirstApproximately 10 people are needed for such a rescue operation, three or four of whom will be indoors during the operation.
SecondlyOxygen deficiency occurs suddenly, so rescuers must wear breathing apparatus at all times.

To safely perform routine as well as emergency rescue work in confined spaces, the following equipment should be used:

  • Personal protective respiratory equipment, including for emergency evacuation of a casualty - breathing apparatus, portable compressed air delivery systems, self-rescuers with compressed air for emergency evacuation;
  • Equipment and safety equipment for unsupported space work - ropes, carabiners, harnesses, helmets, belay and safety equipment, pulley rolls;
  • Evacuation equipment - winches, tripods, stretchers and suspension systems;
  • Air monitoring equipment.

You are cordially invited to sign up for our training courses!!!