Legal labor protection - what should you know?
Legal protection of work is an officially adopted set of regulations aimed at ensuring the safety and health of employees in the workplace. In Poland, the labor protection organization system is divided into:
The nationwide responsibility is taken care of by the government, parliament and all state institutions that supervise compliance with labor law. These authorities have the power to enforce labor regulations and other such matters. A plant employee is subject to protection within the meaning of labor law. The system of legal protection of labor is assumed to be a whole set of regulated units, which together serve the same purpose. In the context of labor protection, an employee is a person who works under an employment contract, while an employer is an institution or unit employing natural persons. Legal protection of work takes care of issues such as:
- economic resources (loans, taxes)
- legal measures,
- technical measures (certifications, tests, regulations),
- organizational measures (education, insurance)
According to labor protection, a state of safety exists when the risk of damage to the workplace is not found to be too high. Another issue monitored by labor protection is the guarantee of the employee's health. Namely, the conditions at the workplace must be in line with WHO's assumptions, i.e. provide the employee with comfort:
One of the important elements of labor protection is compliance with and conducting health and safety training by trained staff in this subject. Occupational Health and Safety is a set of standards aimed at securing employees against the possible risk of damage or accidents and organizing hygienic and comfortable working conditions.
Objectives of labor protection
While it may seem simple enough, job protection goals can be quite complex and complex. Among them can be distinguished:
- Observance and protection of employees' rights,
- Minimizing the risk associated with staying in hazardous and harmful conditions at the workplace,
- Optimization of working conditions from the physiological and psychological point of view.
According to the assumptions of labor protection, the employer is primarily responsible for ensuring safe and comfortable conditions at the workplace. His duties include:
- adjusting the workplace to all health and safety standards,
- providing employees with the necessary equipment and keeping the workplace in order,
- control of employees in terms of compliance with health and safety standards,
- compliance with the recommendations of the doctor present at the workplace.
As an employee, you must comply with obligations such as:
- compliance with and thorough knowledge of health and safety standards,
- implementation of all health and safety assumptions together with their superiors and the employer.
The entire section of the Labor Code is devoted to the legal protection of labor, which determines the risks posed by various objects, machines or tools, as well as how an employee must be prepared for the profession in terms of health and psychology.
State bodies supervising labor protection
The most important state institutions with the greatest legal force include bodies such as:
- Technical inspection authority,
- National Labour Inspectorate,
- Sanitary inspection,
- Social Labor Inspectorate,
Each of these bodies has a different field in which they carry out their work, but all of them are needed for the proper screening of jobs in terms of legal labor protection. Legal protection of work is a very important and complex topic that involves many people at the same time. As you can see, it is necessary for the proper and safe operation of workplaces throughout the country.