PPOŻ abbreviation - definition and basic information
PFD is the abbreviation for fire regulations. It is pronounced "ppoż". According to PWN (Polish Language Dictionary) this abbreviation should have a full stop at the end: ''ppoż.'', and the name itself, if it is not at the beginning of a sentence then we should write in lower case.
Regulations which are indispensable and relate to fire protection are regulated in Poland by the Act of 24 August 1991 on fire protection. Precise and superordinate information can also be found in the executive acts to this Act (in various regulations of the Ministers of Economy, Transport, Internal Affairs and Administration, Agriculture and Rural Development, Environment, and Water Management).
Safety in the workplace
Regardless of where we are, a sense of security is very important to all of us. Since we spend a large part of our lives in the most varied buildings, it is very important that they meet the highest standards in terms of fire protection. It is the responsibility of building managers, owners and the individuals and institutions that use them to ensure our safety. By properly respecting the technological, technical, construction and installation rules, together with the application of preventive principles (regulations), we can greatly reduce the risk of fire.
The premises are required to have fire extinguishers and other fire-fighting equipment for the prevention, detection and control of fire. These include, but are not limited to:
- smoke extractors
- alarm signalling devices
- fire switches
- explosion protection devices
- smoke curtains
- evacuation lighting installations
- fire doors and gates
An escape route is also mandatory and the building must be prepared in the event of a rescue operation.
Employer's obligations and fire protection
The employer's obligations regarding fire protection are set out in the Act of 24 August 1991 and the Labour Code.
It is the employer's responsibility to ensure safe and hygienic working conditions (OSH), to provide the necessary means to give first aid and also to fight fires. His tasks also include:
- Determination of existing fire hazards taking into account the workstation.
- Notify all employees of the hazards present on the work site.
- Identify and communicate emergency policies.
- Notify all your subordinates of the actions taken to eliminate or significantly reduce the risk of fire hazards.
- Designate staff with fire fighting, evacuation and first aid duties.
- Notification to subordinates of designated employees. A list should be drawn up and posted with the name of the designated person, his/her business telephone number and an indication of the location of the work he/she is doing.
Regarding the appointment of employees, the regulations do not specify how many employees should be appointed. It is assumed that in the case of a company with several floors, at least two persons per floor are appointed. In the case of a company with shift work, at least two persons per shift. The employer must provide the designated employee(s) with company telephones.
On the other hand, it is incumbent on those working to immediately notify the employer and the rest of the people of the danger.
It is important that the employees who take responsibility for fire protection tasks, together with the management, are properly trained and also know how to act in the event of an emergency.
Fire and safety training
One of the obligations that falls on the shoulders of an employer with employees is to conduct fire training. This will teach the employee how to behave in the event of a fire, what to do before leaving the premises, how to evacuate the premises and how to administer first aid.
Fire safety courses are divided into two groups:
- Initial fire safety training
It is intended for employees starting work. During the course, subordinates learn about their duties in the field of fire protection, how to use fire-fighting equipment and about potential hazards. After completing such a course, employees should know the evacuation route, the location of fire-fighting equipment and what to do in the event of an emergency. It is also important that the course includes information on fire starting and how fires spread.
- Specialist training in fire-fighting
It is designed for workers who may come into contact with flammable materials during their work.
Fire safety training courses are usually carried out by a fire safety inspector or specialist. Sometimes, however, companies have the right to delegate external bodies or specially specialised institutions to carry out the courses. A regulation came into force in 2010, under which fire safety training should be carried out by the building owner at least once every two years.
In addition to fire training and compliance with health and safety and fire regulations, it is important to inspect machinery (if any in the workplace), all equipment and fire protection systems. This can help considerably to avoid malfunctions and thus fires. Regular monitoring of fire protection systems will give us the confidence that they will operate correctly in the event of an emergency.
KURSO provides a high level of fire safety training. We have experienced instructors, modern facilities and an extensive curriculum. We organise both initial and periodic fire training courses. By training with us, your employees will always be well prepared in case of an emergency. Our head office is in Warsaw, but our branches are located all over Poland. We provide both open and closed training - organised for groups. So we will reach you in almost every corner of Poland. Feel free to contact us.